Da Vinci Vitruve Luc Viatour. The drawing, which is in pen and ink on paper, depicts a man in two superimposed positions with his arms and legs apart and inscribed in a circle art of drawing the human body pdf square. Like most works on paper, it is displayed to the public only occasionally. Vitruvius determined that the ideal body should be eight heads high.
Leonardo’s drawing is traditionally named in honor of the architect. In addition, this picture represents a cornerstone of Leonardo’s attempts to relate man to nature. He believed the workings of the human body to be an analogy for the workings of the universe. The second paragraph reads: “if you open your legs enough that your head is lowered by one-fourteenth of your height and raise your hands enough that your extended fingers touch the line of the top of your head, know that the centre of the extended limbs will be the navel, and the space between the legs will be an equilateral triangle”.
The points determining these proportions are marked with lines on the drawing. The other members, too, have their own symmetrical proportions, and it was by employing them that the famous painters and sculptors of antiquity attained to great and endless renown. Similarly, in the members of a temple there ought to be the greatest harmony in the symmetrical relations of the different parts to the general magnitude of the whole. Then again, in the human body the central point is naturally the navel. For if a man be placed flat on his back, with his hands and feet extended, and a pair of compasses centred at his navel, the fingers and toes of his two hands and feet will touch the circumference of a circle described therefrom. And just as the human body yields a circular outline, so too a square figure may be found from it.