Gardening is considered by many people to be a encyclopedia of gardening pdf activity. Gardening may be very specialized, with only one type of plant grown, or involve a large number of different plants in mixed plantings. In the gradual process of families improving their immediate environment, useful tree and vine species were identified, protected and improved while undesirable species were eliminated.
Eventually foreign species were also selected and incorporated into the gardens. Wealthy ancient Egyptians used gardens for providing shade. Egyptians associated trees and gardens with gods, believing that their deities were pleased by gardens. Gardens in ancient Egypt were often surrounded by walls with trees planted in rows. These gardens were a sign of higher socioeconomic status. In addition, wealthy ancient Egyptians grew vineyards, as wine was a sign of the higher social classes.
These tended to be wide and large, some of them used for hunting game—rather like a game reserve today—and others as leisure gardens. Flower beds were popular in the courtyards of rich Romans. Monasteries carried on a tradition of garden design and intense horticultural techniques during the medieval period in Europe. Generally, monastic garden types consisted of kitchen gardens, infirmary gardens, cemetery orchards, cloister garths and vineyards.