Gender differences in mathematics performance pdf

This article has multiple issues. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. Some supporters of this theory argue that the differences in behavior between men gender differences in mathematics performance pdf women are entirely social conventions, whereas others believe that behavior is influenced by universal biological factors to varying degrees, with social conventions having a major effect on gendered behavior. The focus on power and hierarchy reveals inspiration stemming from a Marxist framework, utilized for instance by materialist feminism, and Foucault’s writings on discourse.

Social constructionism focuses on how meaning is created. Thus, social constructionism focuses on how meaning is created. Popp, knowledge is an “account of reality produced collaboratively by a community of knowers”. This focus results in showing how individuals differ in status, entitlement, efficacy, self-respect and other traits based on the kind of interactions one is involved in and subjected to. Ultimately, language has a huge influence on how humans perceive reality and, as a result, is the creator of this reality. Social constructionists emphasize the complexity of how knowledge is created in social interactions. People are active in their perception, understanding and sharing of knowledge acquired from their social milieu.

It is prudent therefore to consider this process when explaining the social construction of knowledge, including knowledge concerning gender. Social constructionists question the Western idea of an autonomous individual who can draw a clear line between the self and the society. According to social constructionism, individuals can create meaning only in relation to what they are exposed to in their environment. Paradoxically, the same individuals co-create the meanings that are available in this environment. This means that some of these theories assume a clear biological division between women and men when considering the social creation of masculinity and femininity, while other contest the assumption of the biological division between the sexes as independent of social construction. Moreover, gender was considered achieved and more or less stable after it is acquired in early childhood. These “gender activities” constitute our belonging to a sex as based on the socially accepted dichotomy of “women” and “men”.

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