That is strategies which reduce stress. In contrast, other coping strategies may be coined as maladaptive, if they increase health psychology brannon pdf. Maladaptive coping is therefore also described, when looking at the outcome, as non-coping. Furthermore, the term coping generally refers to reactive coping, i.
This differs from proactive coping, in which a coping response aims to neutralize a future stressor. The effectiveness of the coping effort depends on the type of stress, the individual, and the circumstances. Hundreds of coping strategies have been identified. Classification of these strategies into a broader architecture has not been agreed upon. Problem-focused coping is aimed at changing or eliminating the source of the stress. The three problem-focused coping strategies identified by Folkman and Lazarus are: taking control, information seeking, and evaluating the pros and cons.