Da Vinci Vitruve Luc Viatour. The drawing, which is in pen and ink on paper, depicts a man in two superimposed human portrait drawing pdf with his arms and legs apart and inscribed in a circle and square.
Like most works on paper, it is displayed to the public only occasionally. Vitruvius determined that the ideal body should be eight heads high. Leonardo’s drawing is traditionally named in honor of the architect. In addition, this picture represents a cornerstone of Leonardo’s attempts to relate man to nature. He believed the workings of the human body to be an analogy for the workings of the universe. The second paragraph reads: “if you open your legs enough that your head is lowered by one-fourteenth of your height and raise your hands enough that your extended fingers touch the line of the top of your head, know that the centre of the extended limbs will be the navel, and the space between the legs will be an equilateral triangle”. The points determining these proportions are marked with lines on the drawing.
The other members, too, have their own symmetrical proportions, and it was by employing them that the famous painters and sculptors of antiquity attained to great and endless renown. Similarly, in the members of a temple there ought to be the greatest harmony in the symmetrical relations of the different parts to the general magnitude of the whole. Then again, in the human body the central point is naturally the navel. For if a man be placed flat on his back, with his hands and feet extended, and a pair of compasses centred at his navel, the fingers and toes of his two hands and feet will touch the circumference of a circle described therefrom.
And just as the human body yields a circular outline, so too a square figure may be found from it. For if we measure the distance from the soles of the feet to the top of the head, and then apply that measure to the outstretched arms, the breadth will be found to be the same as the height, as in the case of plane surfaces which are perfectly square. Leonardo’s drawing combines a careful reading of the ancient text with his own observation of actual human bodies. This adjustment is the innovative part of Leonardo’s drawing and what distinguishes it from earlier illustrations. He also departs from Vitruvius by drawing the arms raised to a position in which the fingertips are level with the top of the head, rather than Vitruvius’s much lower angle, in which the arms form lines passing through the navel. It may be noticed by examining the drawing that the combination of arm and leg positions actually creates sixteen different poses.
The pose with the arms straight out and the feet together is seen to be inscribed in the superimposed square. On the other hand, the “spread-eagle” pose is seen to be inscribed in the superimposed circle. 1822, along with a number of his drawings, by the Gallerie dell’Accademia in Venice, Italy, and has remained there since. Renaissance architect, an expert on Vitruvius and a close friend. Giacomo Andrea’s original drawing has only one set of arms and legs, but Leonardo’s has the position of his man’s arms and legs change.