Please forward this error list of president of india pdf download to 158. This article is semi-protected until November 8, 2018. No term limits are imposed on the office.
Prime Minister and Cabinet as long as the advice is not violating the constitution. President the responsibility and authority to defend and protect the constitution of India and its rule of law. Invariably, any action taken by the executive or legislature entities of the constitution shall become law only after President’s assent. The president shall not accept any actions of the executive or legislature which are unconstitutional.
The role of the judiciary in upholding the constitution of India is the second line of defence in nullifying any unconstitutional actions of the executive and legislative entities of the Indian Union. The President is the common head of all independent constitutional entities. Article 111, Article 274, etc. Article 78 c, Article 108, Article 111, etc. India shall be used in accordance to uphold the constitution.
There is no bar on the actions of the President to contest in the court of law. Article 78, Article 86, etc. After a bill is presented to him, the President shall declare either that he assents to the Bill, or that he withholds his assent from it. When, after reconsideration, the bill is passed accordingly and presented to the President, with or without amendments, the President cannot withhold his assent from it. President can promulgate ordinances which have the same force and effect as an act passed by Parliament under its legislative powers.
These are in the nature of interim or temporary legislation and their continuance is subject to parliamentary approval. Ordinances remain valid for no more than six weeks from the date the Parliament is convened unless approved by it earlier. President as the upholder of the constitution shall be satisfied that immediate action is mandatory as advised by the union cabinet and he is confident that the government commands majority support in the Parliament needed for the passing of the ordinance into an act and Parliament can be summoned to deliberate on the passing of the ordinance as soon as possible. The promulgated ordinance is treated as an act of Parliament when in force and it is the responsibility of the President to withdraw the ordinance as soon as the reasons for promulgation of the ordinance are no longer applicable. Bringing laws in the form of ordinances has become a routine matter by the government and President, but the provisions made in Article 123 are meant for mitigating unusual circumstances where immediate action is inevitable when the extant provisions of law are inadequate.
Re-promulgation of an ordinance after failing to get approval within the stipulated time of both houses of parliament is an unconstitutional act by the President. The President should not incorporate any matter in an ordinance which violates the constitution or requires amendment to the constitution. The President should take moral responsibility when an ordinance elapses automatically or is not approved by the Parliament or violates the constitution. President and is exercised by President either directly or through officers subordinate to him in accordance with the Constitution. President in performing his functions. Prime Minister are not accountable legally to the advice tendered to the President but it is the sole responsibility of the President to ensure compliance with the constitution in performing his duties. President or his subordinate officers is bound by the provisions of the constitution notwithstanding any advice by union cabinet.
President to enforce the decrees of Supreme Court. Union Judiciary and other judges on the advice of the Chief Justice. He dismisses the judges if and only if the two Houses of the Parliament pass resolutions to that effect by a two-thirds majority of the members present. President can ask the Attorney General to attend the parliamentary proceedings and report to him any unlawful functioning if any. The President then appoints the other members of the Council of Ministers, distributing portfolios to them on the advice of the Prime Minister. The Council of Ministers remains in power at the ‘pleasure’ of the President.