Inert gases are used generally to avoid unwanted chemical reactions degrading a sample. This is metal inert gas welding pdf tendency, not a rule, as noble gases and other “inert” gases can react to form compounds. Benchtop specialized generators are also available for laboratories. Food is packed in inert gas to remove oxygen gas.
This prevents bacteria from growing. It also prevents chemical oxidation by oxygen in normal air. Historical documents may also be stored under an inert gas to avoid degradation. Helium was previously used, but it was less suitable because it diffuses out of the case more quickly than argon. Inert gases are often used in the chemical industry. In a chemical manufacturing plant, reactions can be conducted under inert gas to minimize fire hazards or unwanted reactions. Inert gas can also be used to purge the tank of the volatile atmosphere in preparation for gas freeing – replacing the atmosphere with breathable air – or vice versa.
The flue gas is cleaned and cooled by the scrubber tower. Various safety devices prevent overpressure, return of hydrocarbon gas to the engine room, or supply of IG with too high oxygen content. The inert gas generator consists of a combustion chamber and scrubber unit supplied by fans and a refrigeration unit which cools the gas. A drier in series with the system removes moisture from the gas before it is supplied to the deck.