Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Here multiplication table pdf file see 2 being multiplied by 3 using scaling, giving 6 as a result.

The large rectangle is composed of 20 squares, each having dimensions of 1 by 1. Here 3 and 4 are the “factors” and 12 is the “product”. Thus the designation of multiplier and multiplicand does not affect the result of the multiplication. The area of a rectangle does not depend on which side is measured first, which illustrates the commutative property.

The inverse operation of multiplication is division. For example, since 4 multiplied by 3 equals 12, then 12 divided by 3 equals 4. For these more abstract constructs, the order that the operands are multiplied sometimes does matter. The number to be multiplied is called the “multiplicand”, while the number of times the multiplicand is to be multiplied comes from the “multiplier”. Additionally, there are some sources in which the term “multiplicand” is regarded as a synonym for “factor”. For example, 15 is the product of 3 and 5, and is both a multiple of 3 and a multiple of 5.