Changes must be reviewed before being displayed on this page. Selimiye Camii ve Mavi Gökyüzü. Sunni islamic books in urdu pdf free download Muslims consider him legitimate, inter alia, by favour of his blood ties to Muhammad, too. Sunni Muslims, Sunnis, Sunnites and Ahlus Sunnah.
Sunni Islam is sometimes referred to as “orthodox Islam”. However, other scholars of Islam, such as John Burton believe that there’s no such thing as “orthodox Islam”. This perception is partly due to the reliance on highly ideological sources that have been accepted as reliable historical works, and also because the vast majority of the population is Sunni. Both Sunnism and Shiaism are the end products of several centuries of competition between ideologies. Both sects used each other to further cement their own identities and doctrines.
Hasan, however, shortly afterwards signed a treaty with Muawiaya relinquishing power in favour of the latter, with a condition inter alia, that one of the two who will outlive the other will be the caliph, and that this caliph will not appoint a successor but will leave the matter of selection of the caliph to the public. Subsequently Hasan was poisoned to death and Muawiya enjoyed unchallenged power. Upon Muawiya’s death, Yazid asked Husain the younger brother of Hasan, Ali’s son and Muhammad’s grandson, to give his allegiance to Yazid, which he plainly refused. The rule of and “caliphate” of Banu Umayya came to an end at the hands of Banu Abbas a branch of Banu Hashim, the tribe of Muhammad, only to usher another dynastic monarchy styled as caliphate from 750 CE. There was no clearly accepted formula for determining succession in the Abbasid caliphate.
Two or three sons or other relatives of the dying caliph emerged as candidates to the throne, each supported by his own party of supporters. A trial of strength ensued and the most powerful party won and expected favours of the caliph they supported once he ascended the throne. The caliphate of this dynasty ended with the death of the Caliph al-Ma’mun in 833 CE, when the period of Turkish domination began. The Commander of the Faithful”. Arabic in all quarters of the world. Muhammad were the best of Muslims.